Spruce is a beautiful tree to decorate your garden site, which will always be in place. This plant is very fond of sandy and light loamy soils. He loves moist soil, so when planting, you need to monitor the moisture of the earth, especially in hot summers. But places with stagnant moisture should also be avoided.
Spruce looks very impressive in solitary plantings, in beautiful decorative groups with flowering shrubs.
Species and varieties
Norway spruce (Picea abies)
This is a tree that forms forests in the European part of Russia. Creates as fully spruce forests, so grows in mixed. But he does not like urban conditions, and does not survive in them because of the strong gas pollution. But in the landscape device some decorative views are often used, for example, "Pigmea". This tree has a regular cone-shaped crown, which has the appearance of a traditional New Year tree. In the conditions of the Moscow Region, Acrocona grows, reaching 3-4 m in height and possessing very beautiful red cones. The weeping "Pendula" grows to 10 meters in height. There are also good dwarf species: "Pumila", "Little Gem", "Nidiformis", "Procumbens", "Repens". The fir tree "Inversa" has a very unusual shape. She has a top bent down, which with age begins to resemble a hut. It reaches a height of one and a half meters, while expanding in width to two meters.
All decorative species of spruce, when grown on the site, must be covered for the first two years for the winter with a covering non-woven material for heating and protection from the cold.
Prickly spruce (Picea pungens)
This tree variety is the most gas-resistant of all, therefore it is suitable for use and cultivation in urban conditions. Other species suffer from gas contamination much more, their resistance to diseases decreases, as a result of which the tops are bent, the needles earlier fall off, and the tree does not have time to recover. This type of spruce differs from the other four-sided sticking needles, the color of which can vary from blue, green or gray to almost white. Spruce grows slowly, has phytonicidal properties. He loves light, tolerates shade, but is very demanding on soil moisture and fertility. Winter-hardy, tolerates dry air and soil quite easily.
The following varieties can be attributed to this type of tree: Erich Frahm is a photophilous tree, demanding on fertility and soil moisture, but does not like waterlogging. Used for group and single landings. Perfectly pruned. Another species - Glauca - has blue needles with various shades. It tolerates haircuts and crown shaping. It is a good option for hedges, often used as a New Year tree. Unpretentious to the soil, tolerates frosts. Glauca Globosa is a spruce with needles painted in different shades of blue and gray. Frost-resistant, perfect for small household plots, single, group plantings and rocky gardens. Hoopsii is the brightest litter with silver-blue needles. It grows very fast and looks very festive. It is winter-resistant, photophilous, undemanding to soil conditions, well pruned. Iseli Fastigiata, which prefers well-drained soils with moderate humidity, has good resistance to diseases and pests. A very beautiful and fast-growing tree is Koster, which has branches down, stiff needles of a silver-blue or bluish-blue hue with a slight waxy light coating. It grows well on loams and chernozems, is resistant to wind, tolerates pruning and temporary excess moisture. But Montgomery does not like waterlogging, tolerating drought much better than other types of firs. For a squat and slightly rounded crown, it is necessary to remove returnable vertically growing shoots. In the first year of tree planting, spring shading is necessary. Oldenburg variety has dense, needle, prickly and stiff needles of blue-steel color. Grows quickly, loves light, undemanding to soil, frost-resistant.
Canadian Spruce or Sizaya (Picea glauca)
This tree reaches 15-20 meters in height. One of the most unpretentious fir trees, which is suitable for almost any soil. It tolerates drought well, but also tolerates flooding for a couple of weeks. At a young age it grows very quickly, much faster than other spruces. The most widespread variety is "Conica", reaching three meters in height. But this plant is very demanding to care, because in spring it is very susceptible to sunburn.
Affected shoots must be cut, after which they gradually overgrow over the years. Burning of the tree can be prevented by planting the tree in a sheltered and slightly shaded area at noon. This can also be prevented by wrapping the tree for the winter with gauze or a white cloth in two layers. Ornamental species of Canadian spruce include varieties such as Alberta Globe, Echiniformis, Conica, and Zuckerhut.
Serbian spruce (Picea omorica)
This type of tree is practically the narrowest of firs. In Europe, it is often used as a Christmas tree. He has a low-pubescent crown, not exposed from below. In height reaches about 30 m in height. It tolerates short-lived drought, shadow, loves acidic soils, but grows well on calcareous soils.
Has a small number of decorative species: "Expansa", "Pendula Bruns". Both species are quite undemanding to soils and frost-resistant.
Less common types of fir
Winter-resistant properties are possessed by some rare species that are acceptable for growing in Russia.
These include Schrenka spruce (Tien Shan spruce), which has a bluish-green narrow-conical needles, which grows very slowly, reaching a maximum of 4 meters in height.
Red spruce is also a slow-growing, narrow-pyramidal spruce up to 20 m high. The bark of it has a red-brown color and red cones. Perhaps this is one of the most drought tolerant species in which there are two decorative varieties: "Virgata" and "Nana".
Ate at the cottage and care for them
Black spruce is decorative due to its extraordinary purple cones and needles of a bluish tint. When ripe, the cones become black. Undemanding to the soil, loves moisture. It has several compact forms: "Bessneri Compacta" and "Nana".
Two-color spruce or Alcocca spruce is so called thanks to needles, which have a blue color below and green above. All forms are dwarf.
In the botanical gardens of our country there are such species as Glen spruce, Ayanska / Hokkaido spruce, Korean spruce, Sitka spruce. Also in nurseries you can find species such as Caucasian or eastern spruce, Brevera spruce, which do not tolerate the winter period.