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Blackcurrant Little Prince: description, planting and care

Blackcurrant Little Prince: description, planting and care


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Currant Little Prince - a variety of Russian selection. Differs in very tasty berries, gives a stable yield of at least 4 kg per bush. The cultivation technique is simple, while the culture is winter-hardy. It can be diluted in most regions of the country.

Breeding history

Currant Little Prince - a variety of Russian selection, bred on the basis of VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Received by breeders T.V. Zhidekhina and T.S. Zvyagina. The varieties Black Pearl and Ojebin are taken as a basis. The culture has been successfully tested, and in 2004 it was included in the register of breeding achievements.

The variety is approved for cultivation in different regions of Central Russia:

  • middle band;
  • Black earth;
  • Northwest.

Description of the black currant variety Little Prince

Currant bush The Little Prince is medium-sized, moderately spreading. Shoots are straight, rather thick, can bend. Young branches are green, adults are lignified. They are distinguished by a grayish color with a yellowish tinge. In this case, the tops are brown, may have a golden hue.

Kidneys are small, ovoid, solitary, sessile. They cling to the shoot a little, have a light brown color. The leaf scar has a rounded-wedge shape.

Currant leaves Little Prince of usual five-lobed shape, medium size, typical green color. They shine weakly in the sun, have a smooth surface. The blades are pointed, while the lateral blades are widely spaced. The leaf blade has small teeth, the petioles are small, of moderate thickness, and have a reddish-violet color.

Currant flowers The little prince is goblet-shaped, with reddish loose sepals that fold back in an arc. The brushes are small (length from 4.5 to 6.2 cm), cylindrical in shape. They have a medium-sized straight axis and a short petiole.

Berries of medium and large sizes, weight from 1.5 to 1.8 g. Typical round shape, black color, faint shine is noticeable. The fruits are irregular. There are not very many seeds in the currant berries of the Little Prince. The pulp is juicy, has a pleasant sweet and sour taste. At the tasting, the variety received a high rating - 4.6 points out of 5.

Currant berries Little Prince ripen at the end of June

According to the results of the analysis, the following chemical composition of the fruits was established:

  • dry matter - 19%;
  • sugar (in total) - 10.7%;
  • acids - 2.6%;
  • vitamin C - 140 mg per 100 g;
  • P-active ingredients - 800 mg per 100 g;
  • pectin - 2.6%.

Characteristics

Currant Little Prince tolerates frost well in temperate climatic zone. The culture has sufficient immunity to various diseases and pests, which allows you to get a stable harvest.

Drought tolerance, winter hardiness

Currant Little Prince has a fairly good winter hardiness. During the tests, the bushes did not freeze. Therefore, the culture can be cultivated not only in the regions of admission, but also in the Volga region, in the regions of the Southern Urals and Siberia.

The drought resistance of the variety is low. In the heat, the bushes need additional weekly watering. Otherwise, the berries will become smaller, which will have a bad effect on the yield.

Pollination, flowering period and ripening times

Currant variety Little Prince is self-fertile, so the plants do not need to be adjacent to other varieties or attract pollinators. Flowers appear in the second half of May, the total flowering period lasts until the first decade of June inclusive. Ripening dates from the end of June to the second half of July. According to this indicator, the Little Prince is an early and early-growing variety.

Productivity and fruiting, keeping quality of berries

The yield of the currant Little Prince is satisfactory - 4.1 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush. With industrial cultivation, the figure is 13.6 t / ha. Fruiting begins at the end of June, the main period is in July. In general, the crop can be harvested in 5-8 days.

The yield of the Little Prince variety is up to 4.5 kg per bush

The fruits are of good keeping quality. They can be stored in the refrigerator, cellar and other cool rooms for 15–20 days. Transportability is also quite high - the berries can be transported within 5-7 days.

Important! Currant berries The Little Prince is recommended to be picked quickly. If left on the branches, they will crumble.

Disease and pest resistance

The little prince is resistant to common diseases - powdery mildew, leaf spot. However, it can be affected by other fungal infections, as well as aphids, leaf sawflies, kidney mites and other pests.

Therefore, it is recommended to carry out preventive fungicide treatments every year. The best period is early spring (late March - early April). First, the currant bushes The Little Prince is treated with boiling water, after which they are sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. Instead of it, you can use other means: "Maxim", "HOM", "Fundazol", "Skor", "Ordan".

The Little Prince fights against insects on currant bushes with folk remedies (solution of ash and soap, tobacco dust, infusion of onion peels, garlic cloves, powdered mustard) or special insecticides: Biotlin, Vertimek, Aktara, Confidor, Decis "and others.

Attention! The processing of currant bushes by the Little Prince is carried out late in the evening or in cloudy weather.

When using chemicals, you can start harvesting after 3-5 days.

Advantages and disadvantages

The little prince is prized by summer residents by farmers for its good taste, stable harvest and the ability to grow on an industrial scale. The variety has other advantages as well.

Currant berries Little Prince juicy and sweet

Pros:

  • good taste;
  • early maturity;
  • self-fertility;
  • keeping quality and transportability;
  • winter hardiness;
  • resistance to many diseases;
  • you can harvest the crop in a mechanized way;
  • satisfactory yield.

Minuses:

  • not drought tolerant;
  • not resistant to kidney mites;
  • the berries crumble pretty quickly.

Features of planting and care

Currant seedlings the Little Prince are purchased in nurseries or from trusted suppliers. Planting material should be completely healthy, preferably with a closed root system. Planting is planned for autumn (from late September to early October) or mid-April.

The place for currants The Little Prince should be sunny, dry (not lowland) and protected from the wind (next to a fence, buildings). The site is prepared in a few months - it needs to be cleaned, dug up and added in a bucket of organic matter (compost, humus) for each square meter. If the soil is clayey, 1 kg of sawdust or sand is embedded in it for 1–2 m2.

Algorithm for planting currants The Little Prince is standard:

  1. Several holes are dug at a distance of 1–1.5 m from each other. Their depth should be small - 40 cm, diameter - 50 cm.
  2. If the soil has not been pre-fertilized, mix the surface layer of soil with compost (8 kg), superphosphate (8 tbsp. L.) And wood ash (3 tbsp. L.).
  3. Currant seedlings The Little Prince is soaked for several hours in a mixture of water, earth and "Kornevin" or another growth stimulant.
  4. Planted at right angles.
  5. Tamp it a little so that the root collar goes to a depth of 5-7 cm.
  6. Water abundantly. Use 2 liters of standing water per bush.
  7. Mulch for the winter with peat, sawdust, straw, dry foliage.

Only if the planting algorithm is followed will it be possible to get good bushes.

In the description of the variety and reviews of summer residents it is said that in order to grow currants the Little Prince (pictured), you must adhere to several rules:

  1. Water the young seedlings weekly.

    Adult plants are given water 1–2 times a month, and in case of drought, every week.

  2. They begin to feed currant bushes from the second year. In mid-April, urea is given (15–20 g per plant), in May - organic matter (mullein, chicken droppings), in August - potassium salt (20 g) and superphosphate (40 g).
  3. The soil is periodically loosened (especially after watering and heavy rain), weeding is done. To keep the weeds as small as possible, it is also recommended to lay mulch during the warm season.
  4. In late March and early October, pruning is done annually. All weakened, frostbitten branches are removed. Form the crown of the bush, regularly remove old shoots (age 5 years or more).
  5. In all regions, except for the southern ones, the Little Prince currant bushes are recommended to be sheltered for the winter. At the end of October, they are carefully bent to the ground and pinned with staples. Spruce branches or agrofibre are laid on top. The shelter will allow you to survive even the Siberian frosts

Conclusion

Currant Little Prince has a number of advantages. This is a crop with a simple cultivation technique. Therefore, both experienced and novice summer residents will be able to harvest a stable harvest. The berries are large enough with a pleasant sweetness. Suitable for fresh consumption and for all kinds of preparations.

Reviews with a photo about the currant variety Little Prince

Ekaterina Fedotova, 58 years old, Pskov

The little prince is called so because of the small berries. Although they are all roughly the same, they are quite dense and sweet. For me, this is the best currant, because you don't need to mess around with it too much. Ripens in early July, I store it in the refrigerator until August.

Anna Vorobyova, 39 years old, Volgograd

The little prince gives a stable harvest even in cool or hot summers. We collect 4 kg from adult bushes, sometimes up to 4.5. True, it does not bear fruit well. You can come to the country house a couple of times on weekends and clean everything. The crop cannot be left on the branches for a long time, otherwise the berries will fall off. Currant bushes Little Prince are not spreading, they can be planted at a distance of 1 m from each other.


Watch the video: Equation - Camille From The Little Prince (December 2022).

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