Pepper is a thermophilic culture. On the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, they do not always ripen outdoors, especially during the rainy seasons like in 2017, when summer looked like a prolonged spring. But there are varieties of peppers for the Leningrad region for greenhouses that will not leave without a crop.
Early maturing varieties adapted for the Leningrad region
Early varieties of peppers include varieties with a growing season from the moment the cotyledon leaves emerge until the state of readiness for harvesting is reached in 100 days.
The long-fruited variety of accelerated ripening Cardinal F1 stands out from the general row by early maturity - the growing season from germination to harvesting of cuboid peppers lasts 80–90 days, while they are weighty like in late varieties.
A large-fruited bush exceeds a height of 1 m, the support of pegs or trellises is required. The two-kilogram weight of purple fruits cannot be kept by a herbaceous half-stem bush otherwise. Peppers get a dark purple color after passing the stage of technical ripeness, until that time they are painted in a modest green color.
Ultra early ripe
8-14 kg / m2
Thickness of pepper
The apricot favorite does not stand out among the yellow-fruited early-ripening varieties. Compact non-sprawling bush up to half a meter high. Smooth, shiny conical blunt-nosed fruits do not differ in volume and weight. The difference in weight 20–30 g, rare heavyweights gain 150 g. Color varies with ripening from salad green to yellow apricot.
The growing season from the time the cotyledon leaves emerge is 3.5–4 months. Apricot Favorite is suitable for cultivation both in a greenhouse and in open beds. It is undemanding to weather conditions, tolerates cold snaps. Maturation is amicable. The plant bears up to 20 ovaries at the same time, without dropping the extra ones. The apricot favorite is a high-yielding pepper variety. Over the summer, you can grow a second crop without interruption.
The timing of the ripening of the vegetable
Early ripening variety
Getting ready to clean
Up to 2.5 kg / bush; up to 10 kg / m2
A very early hybrid for the North-West region Belladonna F1 is cultivated mainly in greenhouses, early maturity allows ripening in the open field. The bush is compact, medium in size, does not exceed 90 cm in height. Fruits are thin-skinned - 6 mm. At the stage of technical ripeness, they are colored in ivory; when fully ripe, they turn light yellow.
Technical ripeness occurs two months after the cotyledon leaves emerge. The abundant ovary transforms into four-lobed fruits, which are suitable for fresh consumption; they are not recommended for conservation.
Ripening period from seedlings
Features of agricultural technology
Mainly greenhouse cultivation
Up to 0.2 kg (norm 130 g)
4.6 kg / m2
The variety of pepper for indoor ground is limited by minimal maintenance: the bushes are compact, do not outgrow the 60 cm mark. Medium-fruited, the load on the bush is permissible, and therefore a garter to the supports is not required. Conical blunt fruits are transportable, lying, change light green color of technical ripeness to red when biological ripeness is reached.
5 kg / m2
Mechanical cleaning is allowed
Densely leafy shrub belongs to a semi-determinant type of plant: the central stem stops growing when the number of inflorescences reaches a certain number. Inflorescences on the stem and side shoots are evenly distributed. The plant is not overloaded, ripening proceeds evenly, new ovaries are formed as the harvest is taken off.
The plant is intended for growing in greenhouses through seedlings. Prefers fertilized breathable sandy loam and loam. Green manures in compacted plantings do not interfere with the growth and development of the plant. Agapovsky pepper fruits, as they ripen, change color from thick green to bright red. Early planting of seedlings will allow in July to plant seedlings for a second harvest with full fruiting.
Getting ready to clean
Tobacco mosaic virus
9.5-10.5 kg / m2
Medium-ripening peppers for the Northwest regions
Mid-season varieties include varieties with a growing season of more than 110 days. The late harvest is compensated by the best marketable and gastronomic qualities, which are manifested during storage and conservation.
Highly productive hybrid Atlant is preferably grown in a trellis. A weighted bush needs support. The conical elongated fruit changes color when ripe from green to red. The average length of a vegetable is 20 cm, some specimens reach 25–26 cm.
The fruit is provided with 3 seed chambers. The walls are 11 mm thick. Fruit weight within 150 g (record weight 0.4 kg). The plant reaches technical ripeness in 3.5 months from the date of formation of cotyledon leaves. The full cycle of growth and maturation of the fetus is completed in 130 days. It is recommended to eat and preserve green peppers of technical ripeness - the growth of the fruit stops, the ripening process is underway.
The bush is sparsely leafy, powerful, slightly spreading. The structure is half-stem, it needs a garter to the support. Drip irrigation helps to increase yields. Planting seedlings at the age of 45 days allows you to get a second crop in a stationary greenhouse.
Tobacco and potato mosaic virus
Up to 15 cm
Up to 8 cm
Up to 160 g
Getting ready to clean
Up to 1.1 m
Up to 8 kg / m2
High-yielding mid-season peppers for greenhouse cultivation. The bush is sprawling, low - up to 75 cm. Truncated prismatic fruits are ribbed, thin-cored - 6 mm. The variety is cold-resistant, yield is stable. The fruits are stable and can be transported without loss.
Fruits are of equal size, up to 0.2 kg in weight, with 2–4 seed chambers. The color of the peppers during the growing season changes light green to fiery red when biological ripeness occurs. Biological ripeness occurs 130–150 days after the cotyledon leaves emerge, technical ripeness 2 weeks earlier. The collection of fruits stimulates the ripening of the peppers remaining on the bush.
Mid-season (123-130 days)
Up to 0.2 kg (typically 0.15-0.18 kg)
Up to 7 kg / m2
Star of the East
The hybrid varietal line Zvezda Vostoka includes 11 different color forms from white to brown-chocolate. The greenhouse will bloom with a flower bed if half of the varieties are planted. Bushes are strong, well-branched. The color of ripening peppers is dark green, with the onset of biological ripeness it will acquire bright shades of the palette of the "SeDeK" agricultural company.
The cuboid fruits are thick-walled, star-shaped in cross-section, the wall is 10 mm. The mass reaches 350 g, the yield is up to 3 kg per bush. Part of the palette of the Stars of the East belongs to the early ripening periods, part to the mid-ripening ones. The varieties are cold-resistant, capable of bearing fruit in the open field. They like airing in the greenhouse.
Early / mid-season
7.6-10.2 kg / m2
With early harvesting of fruits, ripening is possible
Open / closed ground
The bushes reach a height of 0.6–0.8 m. Taking into account the abundance of fruiting, the bushes and the most loaded branches require props. Yellow and orange Stars are leading in yield. Timely feeding with aqueous solutions of mineral fertilizers and organic matter will increase the yield.
Video: Orange Star of the East:
The high-yielding hybrid variety of pepper for the Leningrad region Isabella F1 of domestic selection is unpretentious, in addition to greenhouse cultivation, it is suitable for cultivation in the open field. Technical ripeness reaches 120–125 days after the cotyledon leaves emerge. Seed germination rate is 94%.
The bush is dense, leafy, indeterminate, medium-high, closed. Small fruits in the form of a ribbed prism, the light green color of late apples, as they ripen, change to bright red. The pericarp wall thickness is 10 mm. At the same time, the bush supports up to 20 fruit ovaries. Fruiting indoors takes up to 3 months.
12-14 kg / m2
A mid-season large-fruited variety Californian miracle in the Leningrad region is more practical to grow in a greenhouse. The bush is medium-sized, 0.7–1 m high, spreading. Requires a garter to the supports: up to 10 ovaries of weighty fruits overload the plant. Wall thickness up to 8 mm.
It takes 110–130 days to reach technical ripeness from the time the cotyledon leaves emerge. In biological ripeness, the fruit changes color from light green to bright red. Demanding on the temperature regime and watering: sudden changes in daily temperatures and a lack of moisture inhibit the development of the plant, the fruits acquire an unusual bitterness. The optimum growing temperature is 23-28 degrees, humidity 80%.
Top dressing stimulates a high yield of the crop. But the excess of nitrogen fertilizers incites the bush to rapidly build up the green mass of the plant to the detriment of the development of cuboid fruits. The need for the depth of soil cultivation should be taken into account: the fibrous roots go down by 40 cm.
The California miracle is a bisexual plant, so planting other varieties of pepper in the same greenhouse is undesirable: cross-pollination is possible. The bitter peppers in the neighborhood will give the California miracle their inherent pungency and bitterness.
Up to 12 cm
Density of planting
California miracle golden
The variety was bred on the basis of the California miracle, inherited all the biological properties of the progenitor, with the exception of the color of the fruit in the phase of biological ripeness. The features of vegetation and plant care are identical. The bright yellow fruits are attractive for their appearance and gastronomic qualities.
Video: California miracle, growing:
From the variety presented by the market, more than a dozen varieties have been selected that are capable of developing and bearing fruit in the difficult climate of the Leningrad Region. Experienced gardeners will confirm that you can grow anything indoors, as long as you create comfortable conditions for the growing season and take good care of green pets.
The most painful part of the greenhouses of the Leningrad region is acidic soil. Seasonal deoxidation, improved aeration will bring more benefits than fertilization and top dressing.