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Asparagus, herringbone - all this is the name of one flower, asparagus. This is a surprisingly modest plant, which is used not only in indoor gardening, but also in landscape design and even in floristry. The thin openwork leaves of this plant are probably familiar to many, but not everyone knows how to care for asparagus so that it delights with bright colors for many months or even years.
Asparagus is found almost everywhere in nature. Various types of plants can be found in Europe and Asia, in America and Australia, as well as throughout Africaexcept the western and northern desert zones. Asparagus is a shrub or climbing plant with leaves resembling ferns or needle-like coniferous branches. In fact, such mutated leaves are called phyllocladies.
In adulthood, asparagus is a sprawling bush with long (more than half a meter) stems, which differ in very small diameter. Shoots, due to their small thickness, wilt, hang down and resemble a green curly cascade. An ideal container for growing asparagus is a hanging planter or pot mounted on a high stand.
Subject to agro-technical conditions, indoor asparagus can bloom. This happens in the spring. The flower of asparagus is small, single, bell-shaped. Often it has a smell. After flowering, the fruits remain in place of the flowers - small red berries.
The benefits of asparagus, omens and superstition
In addition to the aesthetic beauty and versatility in the use of asparagus in landscaping and floristry, this plant is endowed with some amazing properties. At least this is claimed by those who are interested in esotericism and traditional medicine. So, there is a belief that asparagus with its branches collects the negative from the home atmosphere and neutralizes it. Blooming asparagus and at all embodies virgin purity and modesty.
Associated with asparagus and very unpleasant signs. So, it is believed that if a flower dies, despite quality care, it means that those who live in the house will soon die. True, there is no scientific justification for such a statement.
In nature, there are an incredibly large number of asparagus species - more than three hundred! Large and small, fluffy, similar to the tail of fur animals, and modest, similar to sparse, refined ferns, curly and shrubby. In general, any grower can find for himself exactly the kind of asparagus that will most impress his idea of beauty.
The following species of asparagus are considered the most common in culture, that is, when grown at home:
|Asparagus asparagus (Asparagus asparagoides)||A curling or creeping plant species native to South Africa. The length of the shoots reaches one meter. The leaves of this species are oblong, lanceolate, with a slight sharpening and pronounced central vein, dark green, glossy. It blooms with small white bell-shaped flowers, forms red berries||Used for vertical gardening and creating fancy potted compositions. It is used in floristry for making bouquets, as it does not fade for a long time|
|Asparagus Sprengeri (Asparagus sprengeri)||The most popular in indoor floriculture asparagus with flattened herringbone leaves and shoots, reaching one and a half or more meters in length. There are varieties with erect and drooping shoots. After flowering, forms many red drupes.||It feels great in rooms with dry air, suitable for landscaping apartments and offices. In winter time needs cooler maintenance|
|Crescent Asparagus (Asparagus falcatus)||Asparagus liana, which has the thickest and longest stems among all species. In greenhouse conditions, it reaches a height of 4 meters, and in nature specimens often up to 15 meters high are often found. The leaves are sickle-shaped, slightly corrugated along the edge. The color of the plates is saturated green, the flowers are white, the berries are brown||Prefers space, and therefore it is recommended to plant this species in large containers. The only species that responds positively to shortened pruning shoots. Good in indoor gardening, in winter gardens and greenhouses|
|Cirrus asparagus (Asparagus plumosus)||The most exotic look! The stems are curly, fleshy, covered with leaf-scales up to 5 mm long. Against the background of light green shoots, they contrast with their brownish color, so that the plant becomes especially decorative||The plant loves light, but does not tolerate scorching rays. In most cases, it is used to create beautiful, vibrant “pillows” under tall houseplants.|
|Asparagus meyeri||Evergreen shrubby variety of asparagus with drooping branches, completely covered with thin graceful leaves-needles. Plant height reaches an average of half a meter||One of the unpretentious representatives of asparagus, which goes well with most plants at home and in the garden. Due to the ability to maintain freshness in cut, asparagus meyer is often used in the preparation of floral arrangements.|
|Asparagus officinalis (Asparagus officinalis)||The most common type of asparagus is garden, which has a nutritional value in addition to aesthetic. Young shoots of the plant - the same asparagus that gourmets use in boiled and fried form||It grows everywhere in the Caucasus and Europe. Massively cultivated and used as a valuable dietary product.|
In care, most types of asparagus are very unpretentious. After the flower arrives in the house, it is necessary to limit the lighting for it. This can be done in several ways, including shading through fabric screens, however, it is considered more convenient to place a pot with a plant far from the windows.
Temperature and light
Asparagus in nature grows in well-lit places under the canopy of sparse shrubs and trees. That is why it is recommended to place all types of plants near windows and other light sources.
The temperature regime of asparagus is standard - from 22 to 25 degrees in the summer and 8-10 degrees lower in the winter. Lighting at any time of the year should be bright, but it is important to ensure that direct rays do not burn the leaves of asparagus.
Seed asparagus: pick
Soil and air humidity
In undergrowths, where asparagus grows in nature, the soil is constantly in a slightly wet state. The same conditions are recommended to be observed at home. Successful cultivation of asparagus is necessarily combined with regular watering:
- in winter - often, up to three times a week in small portions;
- in the spring during the period of active growth - up to 3 times a week, plentifully;
- in the summer - plentifully, up to 4 times a week.
If during care there are questions about the frequency of watering, it is recommended that such a scheme be watered when the topsoil dries out and at a depth of about 2 cm it will be moist.
An important point in providing moisture to asparagus is spraying with water at room temperature. You need to do this more often, especially in the warm season. This procedure will allow asparagus foliage to retain an attractive bright and juicy appearance for longer. From time to time, you can arrange a flower of souls - it is very useful as a prophylaxis of pests and diseases.
Asparagus with proper planting and care does not need intensive feedinghowever, young plants require a lot of nutrients. Starting in March, it is recommended to combine plant watering with fertilizers with complex fertilizers - organic or mineral (the former are preferable, since they do not saline the soil).
The frequency of fertilizer application in the spring-summer period is up to 3 times a month. In winter, when the flower retires, feeding is stopped.
Planting, transplanting and reproduction
Asparagus negatively refers to frequent transplants, and therefore at home it is recommended to transplant it into a more spacious pot no more than once every 2-3 years. Since the plant is characterized by intensive growth, it is recommended to make for them a very nutritious mixture of humus and garden soil with the addition of a small amount of sand.
The asparagus pot is chosen of such a diameter that it is easy to fit the roots in it - about 2-3 cm in diameter larger than the previous pot. The height of the pot is selected taking into account the size of the plant - the larger it is, the deeper the capacity is needed.
The bottom of the bowl is covered with drainage, and several centimeters of the soil mixture are poured on top. Next, the flower is removed from the old container and its roots are thoroughly cleaned from the ground. For better rooting and growth, it is recommended to slightly shorten the roots, as well as remove all overgrown and darkened roots. Then the asparagus is placed in a new container and gently covered with earth flush with the root neck.
As the roots grow, the soil in the pot with asparagus will rise, so it is recommended to fill the soil 3-5 cm below its edge.
Transplanting is a great time to breed indoor asparagus. To do this, large old bushes are divided into two parts and planted as usual. Another method by which the propagation of a favorite type of asparagus is carried out is planting seeds. They can be collected on their own during the period when the fruits formed on the plant become red or brown.
As a rule, in each "berry" contains 1, maximum 2 seeds. They need to be planted in spring in the soil, similar in composition to the mixture that is prepared for adult plants. Since the seeds are small, it is recommended to place them to a depth of not more than 1 cm. Before germinating the seeds, the soil must be kept moist and the room temperature should not drop below 20 degrees.
After the sprouted plants get a little stronger and acquire a pair of real leaves, they can be settled in individual pots with a diameter of up to 10 cm, and transplanted into larger containers as they grow.
Asparagus, despite its relative stability, can still bring a lot of surprises to the grower:
1. If the asparagus rapidly turns yellow - it does not have enough moisture. It is recommended to water it more often, and also do not forget about spraying or sprinkling the plant.
2.When bright spots appear, which may mean a sunburn, it is recommended to move the plant to a shaded place.
3. If brown spots appear on the plant, it will be necessary to intensify watering and reduce insolation, that is, remove the flower away from the window.
4. If the plant is pale and crumbles, then the asparagus does not have enough sun and nutrients. The recommendation is to strengthen dressing and watering and place closer to the window.
5. If the plant has withered, the leaves wither, and the stems have softened, this may indicate rotting of the root system. It is recommended to transplant the flower into new soil, cutting off the spoiled roots, and then watering the flower less generously.
6. Berries and leaf blades are covered with a fluffy grayish coating - this symptom indicates a violation of the temperature regime and waterlogging of the air. It is important to exclude sudden changes in temperature and temporarily stop spraying the flower.
Asparagus can also be attacked by pests. The most active in this case are the spider mite and the insect. The former give themselves out as many small spots on the leaves, the latter as a general deterioration of the plant, wilting and blanching of the leaves.
Dealing with these pests is easy enough. To combat the spider mite, acaricidal preparations are used, which must be used twice with an interval of 5-7 days. The worm is destroyed with ordinary ethyl alcohol: they rub the affected leaves with it. You can also use the usual solution of malathion.
Asparagus: growing in the country and care
Asparagus is a very unusual and at the same time available for growing plant that can paint almost any room in the style of the summer tropics. And bouquets with branches of this amazing "Christmas tree" always have a special charm and beauty. It is not easy to grow asparagus, but if you wish, you can turn any room in your house or office into a paradise with openwork shoots hanging or rising from the ground.